Choose a backpack with wide, padded shoulder straps and a padded back.
Pack light. Organize the backpack to use all of its compartments. Pack heavier items closest to the center of the back. The backpack should never weigh more than 10 – 20 percent of your child’s body weight.
Always use both shoulder straps. Slinging a backpack over one shoulder can strain muscles.
If your school allows, consider a rolling backpack. This type of backpack may be a good choice for students who must tote a heavy load. Remember that rolling backpacks still must be carried up stairs, and they may be difficult to roll in snow.
When your child is bullied…
Help your child learn how to respond by teaching your child how to:
Look the bully in the eye.
Stand tall and stay calm in a difficult situation.
Teach your child how to say in a firm voice:
“I don’t like what you’re doing.”
“Please do NOT talk to me like that.”
“Why would you say that?”
Teach your child when and how to ask for help.
Encourage your child to make friends with other children.
Support activities that interest your child.
Alert school officials to the problems and work with them on solutions.
Make sure an adult who knows about the bullying can watch out for your child’s safety and well-being when you cannot be there.
When your child is the bully…
Be sure your child knows that bullying is never okay.
Set firm and consistent limits on your child’s aggressive behavior.
Be a positive role model. Show children they can get what they want without teasing, threatening or hurting someone.
Use effective, non-physical discipline, such as loss of privileges.
Develop practical solutions with the school principal, teachers, counselors, and parents of the children your child has bullied.
When your child is a bystander…
Tell your child not to cheer on or even quietly watch bullying.
Encourage your child to tell a trusted adult about the bullying.
Help your child support other children who may be bullied.
Encourage your child to include these children in activities.
Encourage your child to join with others in telling bullies to stop.
Developing Good Homework and Study Habits
Create an environment that is conducive to doing homework. Youngsters need a permanent workspace in their bedroom or another part of the home that is quiet, without distractions, and promotes study.
Schedule ample time for homework.
Establish a household rule that the TV set stays off during homework time.
Supervise computer and Internet use.
Be available to answer questions and offer assistance, but never do a child’s homework for them.
Take steps to help alleviate eye fatigue, neck fatigue, and brain fatigue while studying. It may be helpful to close the books for a few minutes, stretch, take a break periodically when it will not be too disruptive.
If your child is struggling with a particular subject, and you aren’t able to help them yourself, a tutor can be a good solution. Talk it over with your child’s teacher first.